How to Become a Lawyer in Indian Army | Judge Advocate General – JAG in Indian Army

All young students aspire to be a part of the Indian Army, which is a matter of pride. But, can a lawyer student hope to join the Indian Army? Yes, they can also become a part of the Indian Army as a Judge Advocate General, also called JAG; it is one of the most prestigious posts.

Hence, fresh law students can apply for JAG if they fulfil all the eligibility criteria of the Indian Army. The Short Service Commission allows unmarried male and female law graduates to join the Judge Advocate General branch to become part of the Indian Army.

So, before applying, interested law students must check all eligibility criteria like qualification, age limit, selection process, pay scale, training duration, tenure etc.

Duties of Judge Advocate General (JAG) in the Indian Army

The duties of a Judge Advocate General (JAG) in the Indian Army are mentioned below which are as follows:

  1. A lawyer is selected as a JAG, and an Army Officer knows all aspects of army laws. The duty of the Judge Advocate General (JAG) is to deal with all legal aspects of the Indian Army and assist in all legal matters.
  2. The officers of the JAG department are primarily responsible for providing legal advice to commanders and military personnel.
  3. Legal opinion is sought from the JAG officer for all issues relating to the deployment of troops on counter-terrorism duties and the need for legal advice.
  4. If a case is filed in court against military personnel, it is court-martialed, and there are law officers elected as JAGs to assist in the conduct of these cases.
  5. The JAG officers also handle court cases filed in various High Courts alleging human rights violations against military personnel.
  6. Furthermore, the JAG officers play an important role in litigation related to the military affairs of the Ministry of Defence.
How to Join the Indian Army as a Lawyer

Eligibility Criteria

A law graduate unmarried male and female candidates can apply for the JAG under the short service commission in the Indian Army. The eligibility criteria for Judge Advocate General (JAG) are as follows:

  1. Candidates must be Indian citizens.
  2. A subject of Nepal.
  3. A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and the East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia and Vietnam to settle permanently in India, provided that a candidate belonging to category (ii) and (iii) above shall be the person in whose favour the Government of India has issued a certificate of eligibility.

However, a certificate of eligibility will not be necessary for candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal.

Age Limit:

Age should be 21 to 27 years to apply as a JAG (as a Lawyer) officer in the Indian Army. Matriculation / Secondary School Certificate or equivalent certificate will be accepted as the date of birth certificate of the candidates.

Educational Qualification:

  1. Minimum 55% aggregate marks in LLB degree (three years professional after graduation or five years after 10+2 examination).
  2. Candidates must be eligible for registration as an advocate with the Bar Council of India/State.
  3. The candidate must be from a College/University recognized by the Bar Council of India.

How to Apply?

Applicants can apply online on the official website at Candidates must follow the below steps to submit the application form.

Step 1: Click on ‘Officer Entry Apply/Login’ and then click ‘Registration’ (Registrations not required, if already registered on

Step 2: Fill out the online registration form by entering your basic details. After getting registered, click on ‘Apply Online’ under Dashboard.

Step 3: A page ‘Officers Selection – ‘Eligibility’ will open. Then click “Apply” shown against Short Service Commission JAG Entry Course.

Step 4: A page ‘Application Form‘ will open, and click on ‘Continue‘ to fill in the required details under various sections. Personal information, communication details, education details and previous SSB details. ‘Save and Continue’ each time before moving on to the next section.

Step 5: After entering the details, you will be redirected to the page ‘Summary of Your Information, where you can check and edit the entries already made.

Step 6: After confirming that all your details are correct, click on ‘Submit‘. To edit any details, candidates must click on ‘Submit’ every time.

Important Notes:
  1. No changes to details submitted to the online application can be made after the closure of the application.
  2. CGPA/Grade to be converted into marks per the formula adopted by the concerned university for filling the ‘marks obtained in graduation’ in the online application.
  3. The candidate’s name/parent’s name, date of birth in the profile and online application must be per the Matriculation certificate or equivalent certificate issued by the concerned Board of education.

Selection Procedure

The selection process for JAG officers depends on the following conditions:

  • Shortlisting: After shortlisting of applications, the Centre allotment will be intimated to candidates via their email. Only shortlisted eligible candidates will undergo SSB at Selection Centres, Allahabad, Bhopal, Bangalore and Kapurthala.
  • SSB (Service Selection Board): After allotment of the selection centre, candidates have to log in to the website and select their SSB dates which are initially available on a first-come, first serve basis. The respective Selection Centre will issue a call-up letter for the SSB interview on the candidate’s registered e-mail id and SMS only.
  • Stage I & Stage II: Next, candidates will undergo the two-stage selection procedure, Stage I and Stage II. Successful candidates of Stage I will go for the Stage II test. Qualified candidates of Stage II will go for Medical Test.
  • Medical Fitness Test: Candidates recommended by the SSB and declared medically fit will be issued a joining letter for training in the order of merit, depending on the number of vacancies available, subject to meeting all eligibility criteria.

Final Merit List

  • The SSB interview does not confirm the final selection; a merit list will be prepared based on marks obtained by the candidate in the SSB interview.
  • If the same SSB marks are obtained by more than one candidate, the candidate older in age will be ranked higher in merit.
  • If the SSB marks and age of more than one candidate are the same, the candidate with a higher percentage in the qualifying examination will be ranked higher in merit.

Training Period

The duration of training will be 49 weeks, and selected candidates will be detailed for Pre-Commissioning Training at OTA, Chennai, as per their position in the final order of merit, subject to fulfilment of all eligibility criteria, up to the number of vacancies available.

Candidates should not get married until they have completed full training at Officers Training Academy. If a candidate marries during training, he shall be discharged and liable to refund all expenditures incurred on him by the Government.


The stipend for male and female cadets during the entire training is Rs 56,100/- per month.

Probation Period

An officer shall be on probation for six months from the date of receipt of his commission. His services may be terminated at any time before or after the end of the probationary period if he is reported as unfit to retain his commission within the probationary period.

All candidates who have completed pre-commissioning training at Officers Training Academy, Chennai, will be awarded a ‘Post Graduate Diploma in Defense Management and Strategic Studies by the University of Madras.

Tenure of Engagement

Short Service Commission will be granted to males and females in the Regular Army for 14 years, i.e. for an initial period of 10 years, extendable by a further period of 04 years.

Male and female officers desirous of continuing service in the Army after the expiry of the period of ten years of Short Service Commission are considered for grant of Permanent Commission (PC) if eligible and suitable in all respects.

Those SSC officers who have not been selected for the grant of PC, but are otherwise considered fit and suitable, may continue as SSC for a total period of 14 years. Besides, you will be given the option to keep with you who will be released from the army.

Pay Scale of

The pay scale of a JAG Officer depends on their ran and post level, which are as follows:

RankLevelPay Scale (INR)
Lieutenant1056,100/- to 1,77,500/-
Captain10 B 61,300/- to 1,93,900/-
Mejor11 69,400/- to 2,07,200/-
Lieutenant Colonel12 A1,21,200/- to 2,12,400/-
Colonel131,30,600/- to 2,15,900/-
Brigadier13 A1,39,600/- to 2,17,600/-
Major General14 1,44,200/- to 2,18,200/-
What is the age limit for a JAG to join in Indian Army?

The minimum age limit is 21, and the maximum is 27 years.

What is the qualification for Judge Advocate General in Indian Army?

The qualification for Judge Advocate General is 3 Year LLB Degree from a Recognized University.

Can female candidates apply for Judge Advocate General in Indian Army?

Yes, male and female candidates can apply for a JAG (Judge Advocate General) in the Indian Army.

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