Jujube or Indian ber is a sour-sweet fruit available in a small round or ovum shape found in many South Asian countries such as India, Bangladesh, Africa, China etc.
It is mainly found in India and Bangladesh during the spring season, and it is widely cultivated in tropical countries like Bangladesh, Africa, India, China, and Australia.
Jujube is known as ‘Indian Ber‘ in many parts of India, and today’s young generation prefers to call it Indian Jujube. The size of the Jujube is somewhat rounded (bite-sized), the approximate diameter maybe about 15/25 mm.
Indian Jujube is also known worldwide as the Jujube, Red date, Indian date, Chinese date, Indian Ber, Indian Jujube etc. Usually, with the arrival of spring, the jujube tree welcomes nature by decorating it with fruits and flowers.
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Indian Ber trees can grow from 4 to 6 feet high or maybe 10 to 30 feet; the growth of the Jujube tree depends on the fertility of the land.
Usually, jujube trees grow according to the laws of nature but are now widely cultivated by the farmer in some rural areas of India and Bangladesh.
It can be evergreen for several weeks in hot summers and later leafless.
Beautifully bent barbed branches occur in a zigzag shape, and the Indian Ber has seen flourishes extensively within these branches.
It flowers once a year during spring, and then the flower forms fruit, which is known as ‘Jujube’, ‘Indian Ber‘ in many regions of India.
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Many varieties of Indian Ber are available according to the taste, and the size also varies. It contains lots of vitamins and minerals, which is helping to keep the body healthy.
The Indian ber becomes slightly yellow to brown after maturing; then it is suitable to eat, or the ripe (matured) Jujube is dried in the sunlight and later eaten like this or by making sweet pickles.
The Indian Jujube, which takes about 5 to 6 years to get into the tree, is called ‘Indian Ber‘ in Hindi, In most parts of India.
Name of Jujube (India)
In India, it has many names, such as Indian Ber, Indian Jujube, Jujube, Ber in Hindi, Regu Chettu in Telugu, Kool in Bengali, Ilandai in Tamil, ‘Masan’ in SriLanka, Badari in Sanskrit.
Taste of Jujube
People usually eat these jujube fruits as they mature. The fruit turns slightly yellow to brown when ripe. It is a somewhat raw and sweet taste.
Jujube slightly sour and sweet; many people like to eat these bite-sized fruits raw for their sweet and acidic taste.
It is rich in healthy vitamins and minerals. Inside the fruit is a seed from which it is used in many countries to make medicine.
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Jujube, traditionally used in Chinese medicine to treat insomnia-like disturbances. Both fruits and seeds are rich in flavonoids – saponins and polysaccharides.
Its sedative quality helps in sleeping, giving a soothing effect on the entire nervous system.
According to the survey, about 30 per cent of people in South Asia suffer from chronic constipation, and Jujube helps to get rid of this problem.
Source of vitamins
Jujube is rich in vitamins and antioxidants, especially rich in Vitamin C. Vitamin C helps make the skin relevant and strengthens the immune system.
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