After many years of research, a perfect draft has been prepared in consultation with the people of every section of society, which has brought an unprecedented New National Education Policy in India to compete with the developing countries, to make a better society.
The National Education Policy was changed for the first time in India in 1968. After that, the education policy has been changed twice. The second time was a significant change in the National Education Policy in 1986, and later in 1992, it was slightly updated.
Nevertheless, in 1992, we were not found any significant changes in education policy. That was just an update of the year 1986. So we do not include it.
National education policy in India
However, this time the national education policy most significant changed and approved by the Cabinet, that has just arrived in 2020, from school level to college level. It has significantly biggest changed this time against the previous times. So that is more important to us to know as an Indian citizen.
What are the most critical changes are coming in the new national education policy, and this time what is the new concept of the new education policy for the students. This is more important for us to know and we are going to describe all the information about the new education system of 2020.
We will understand in detail what changes are going to happen in the new education policy in the next few years, which has been approved by the Cabinet.
Therefore, we need to know about the national education system structures in India before 2020, because then we can understand what changes are being made in the new national education policy by the Ministry of Education of India.
Earlier, Ministry Education remained Ministry of Human Resource and Development, and now it has been renamed as Ministry of Education, which has been approved by the Cabinet. Before getting to know the new education policy, we also have to know the previous education system.
Previous education policy
It is essential to know the previous education policy for what changes are going to happen in the new education policy. Therefore, here we are describing the new education system as well as the previous education system.
From the age of six, children were taught by the state government from class one to twelve under the 10 + 2 education system.
In the previous education system, children had less opportunity to blunt playing in school. Four five-year-olds are more interested in playing, due to which children mostly run away from school.
Children were admitted to class one at the age of six. After completing 10 + 2, students enrolled in the university where the state government has no unique role.
Also, in the old education system, there were not options for students to choose the subject of another branch. Just as one of the science students could not choose any subject of another branch.
New & previous education structure:
New education policy in 2020:
Now students have got this freedom so that they can choose one of the favourite subjects of other branches. It is the most significant change in the new education system, which we have already seen in many other developing countries. Now in the new national education policy in India has been divided into main four parts.
Foundational (5 Years): Now, it has been changed to 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 education structure. Now children will have to go to school at the age of three, up to two years, children will play with their partner in the playground.
During this period children will not have to take any exam. Now the new education policy has given many attentions for children so that children do not run away from school. In these five years, the foundation period will end in this way.
Preparatory (3 Years): Children will be admitted directly into the II class. After that, the examination will be started from class III, thus completing classes IV and V. In this way, children will complete their preparatory period at the age of eight to eleven.
In this period, children will not only learn about the different social cultures of the country and its history but will also learn more ethically to help the country move forward.
Middle (3Year): In this stage, students from class six to eight will be taught in the subjects of computer language (coding), vocational course / technical course, mathematics, science and arts.
It is a significant step where students will get an opportunity to learn many types of vocational/technical courses. Such as fisheries, sewing work, carpentry, garden work, cooking, painting, singing, etc., whatever vocational and technical courses will be available in school, they can learn.
In this new education policy, students will get an opportunity to create a bright, unprecedented future for themselves as well as the country. With such extraordinary creative thinking, a country, society always moves on the path of progress in the world.
Secondary (4 Year): This period includes studies from ninth to twelfth grade. In which the stream option has been removed, for example, if you study science, you can only take science subjects, or if you are in arts, you cannot take science subjects.
However, now it starts from ninth grade; it has the option for students to read any subject. Student can read many subjects in another stream according to his / her own, not in subjects of the same stream.
Such an option will be available to the student, such as students of science branch may take any art subject or commerce subject, or students of arts or commerce branches can take any subject of science group.
Students will be encouraged towards critical thinking so that they can develop the thinking process differently. Moreover, it will start from the nine class itself. Apart from this, the facility of choosing commerce, science, arts will remain the same as before.
Graduation in new education policy
BA, BSc, B.com:
- Certificate in BA/BSc/B.com: Duration One Year
- Diploma in BA/ BSc/ B.com: Duration two year
- Degree in BA/BSc/B.com: Duration three year
- Research in BA/BSc/B.com: Duration four year
If you have completed ist year in BA / BSc / B.com, you will get a certificate in BA, diploma on completion of the second year, degree on completion of third year and research on completion of the fourth year.
NOTE: Here, you have to complete three years in graduation for government jobs or any competitive exams. Here students will get the option to read foreign languages, and they can take the language of any country in the world.
Roll of Mother Language:
Now they can study in English with their mother tongue, and here the mother tongue (regional language) is given more importance. It is perfect for children because they will be able to have a better education in their mother language.
However, English will still remain, and it will not be mandatory for children in school level because they can understand it much better than any other language in their mother language.
Nevertheless, the Department of Education Ministry has not ignored the value of the English language. Along with the mother language, English has also been given importance.
The Ministry of Education is well aware that without English, it will not be easy for students to seek a job in developing countries. Apart from this, they can choose any regional language according to their choice.
So, it is a commendable step of the Ministry of Education department, which will help the students to develop their knowledge in the various text subject in their mother language during the school level. However, if they want, they can also study in English.
The Goodness of the new education system
01: 6% of GDP spent on education: Now in the new education sector, about 6% of GDP will be spent, which is double the previous education system.
02: The exam result will depend on these factors: The result will not depend only on the exam paper, it will also depend on the students’ self-assessment, exams, students’ behaviour in class, classmates‘ opinions, and teachers’ views.
From the age of three, students will be taught their thoughts, personalities, practical life, how to express their opinion towards others. In this way, there will be an effort to make a good student as well as a better human being.
03: Vocational Courses: Along with studies, it is essential to have practical knowledge, which will now be taught practically in the students’ exciting field through vocational and technical courses.
04: School fees: First, private schools will be classified by the educational committee. Only after that, the education committee will decide which school’s fees will be. In this way, the fees in private schools will be decided as per school facilities.
05: Top 50 Foreign Universities: Now, the world’s top 50 universities will be allowed to open branches in India. In this way, a pleasant environment will be created in the education system. In this way, it will help to start a competitive environment in the education system.
06: Department in Education Ministry: Department will be made for different work in the education system. The various department will work for monitoring the education-related activities so that the education system can be made better and better.
07: Teachers Behaviour: The status and empowerment of teachers today is less visible where it should be, and as a result, the quality and motivation of teachers does not reach students.
So the behaviour of teachers has a significant effect on students. For this, it has been told in the new education policy that teachers will be trained in such a way that their practical life is straightforward and simple in school. In addition, a school teacher must have a minimum graduate qualification with a 4-year integrated B.Ed.
Change in higher education
08: M Phil: Now there will be no M.Phil degree in the new education policy. Even before this, students were very less interested in it.
09: Ph. D: Now PhD will be for one year only if a student completes research degree i.e. 4 years in BA / B.Sc / B, com one year for him and two years for degree students, three years for diploma and four years for the certificate holder.
SUMMARY: Implementation can take a long time, after much research, this format has been approved by the cabinet. What will be the fees in private schools and government schools, it has not been decided, the infrastructure of the schools, the number of teachers in the schools, all this has to be decided further.
By 2030, the government has taken the initiative to take education in a different direction, to be a better society, a better life, a better market for the world.