New National Education Policy of 2020 in India

After many years of research, a perfect draft has been prepared in consultation with the people of every section of society, which has brought an unprecedented New National Education Policy in India to compete with the developing countries to make a better society.

The National Education Policy was changed for the first time in India in 1968. After that, the education policy was changed twice.

The second time was a significant change in the National Education Policy in 1986, and later in 1992, it was slightly updated.

Nevertheless, in 1992, we were not found any significant changes in education policy. That was just an update of the year 1986. So we do not include it.

New National Education Policy in India

However, the Cabinet most significantly changed and approved the national education policy, which has just arrived in 2020, from school to college level. It has the biggest change this time against the previous times. So that is more important to us to know as Indian citizens.

National Education Policy in India 2020

What are the most critical changes coming in the new national education policy, and this time what is the new concept of the new education policy for the students?

This is more important for us to know, and we will describe all the information about the new education system of 2020.

We will understand what changes will happen in the new education policy, which the Cabinet has approved in the next few years.

Therefore, we must know about India’s national education system before 2020. We can then understand what changes are being made in the new national education policy by the Ministry of Education of India.

Earlier, the Ministry of Education remained the Ministry of Human Resource and Development, and now it has been renamed the Ministry of Education, which the Cabinet has approved. Before getting to know the new education policy, we must also know the previous education system.

Previous Education Policy in India

It is essential to know the previous education policy for what changes will happen in the new education policy. Therefore, here we are describing the new education system as well as the previous education system.

From the age of six, children were taught by the state government from classes one to twelve under the 10 + 2 education system.

In the previous education system, children had less opportunity to blunt playing in school. Four five-year-olds are more interested in playing, so children mostly run away from school.

Children were admitted to class one at the age of six. After completing 10 + 2, students enrol in a university where the state government has no unique role.

Also, in the old education system, there were no options for students to choose the subject of another branch. Just as one of the science students could not choose any subject of another branch.

New & Previous Education Structure

National Education Policy in India 2020

Salient Features of the New Education Policy

Now students have the freedom to choose one of the favourite subjects of other branches. It is the most significant change in the new education system, which we have already seen in many other developing countries. India’s new national education policy has been divided into four main sections.

  1. FOUNDATIONAL
  2. PREPARATORY
  3. MIDDLE
  4. SECONDARY

Foundational (5 Years)

Now, it has been changed to a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 education structure. Children will have to go to school at the age of three, and they will play with their partners in the playground for up to two years.

During this period, children will not have to take any exams. This is because the new education policy has given much attention to children not running away from school. Therefore, the foundation period will end this way in these five years.

Preparatory (3 Years)

Children will be admitted directly into the II class. After that, the examination will be started from class III, thus completing classes IV and V. In this way, children will complete their preparatory period at eight to eleven.

In this period, children will learn about the different social cultures of the country and its history and learn more ethically to help the country move forward.

Middle (3Year)

In this stage, students from classes six to eight will be taught in the subjects of computer language (coding), vocational course / technical course, mathematics, science and arts.

It is a significant step where students will get an opportunity to learn many types of vocational/technical courses. Such as fisheries, sewing work, carpentry, garden work, cooking, painting, singing, etc., whatever vocational and technical courses will be available in school, they can learn.

In this new education policy, students will get an opportunity to create a bright, unprecedented future for themselves and the country. With such extraordinary creative thinking, a country and society always move on progress in the world.

Secondary (4 Year)

This period includes studies from ninth to twelfth grade. The stream option has been removed; for example, if you study science, you can only take science subjects, or if you are in arts, you cannot take science subjects.

However, now it starts from ninth grade; it cannot read any subject. Students can read many subjects in another stream according to their own, not in subjects of the same stream.

Such an option will be available to the student, such as students of science branch may take any art subject or commerce subject, or students of arts or commerce branches can take any subject of science group.

Students will be encouraged toward critical thinking to develop the thinking process differently. Also, it will start from the ninth class itself. Apart from this, the facility of choosing commerce, science, and arts will remain the same as before.

Graduation in New Education Policy

BA, BSc, B.com, CSE, IT:

  • Certificate in BA/BSc/B.com: Duration One Year
  • Diploma in BA/ BSc/ B.com: Two year
  • Degree in BA/BSc/B.com: Three year
  • Research in BA/BSc/B.com: Four year
  • Computer Science & Engineering
  • Information Technology

If you have completed ist year in BA / BSc / B.com, you will get a certificate in BA, a diploma on completion of the second year, a degree on completion of the third year and research on completion of the fourth year.

Remember: You must complete three years in graduation for government jobs or any competitive exams. Here students will get the option to read foreign languages, and they can take the language of any country in the world.

Recently, in the new education policy of 2020, Mathematics subject in 12th is not compulsory for admission in CSE and IT branch. Interested candidates can get admission to CSE and IT engineering branches without maths after the 12th.

Roll of Mother Language:

Now they can study in English with their mother tongue, and here the mother tongue (regional language) is given more importance. It is perfect for children because they will have a better education in their mother language.

However, English will remain. It will not be mandatory for children at the school level because they can understand it much better than any other language in their mother language.

Nevertheless, the Department of Education Ministry has not ignored the value of the English language. On the contrary, English has also been important along with the mother language.

The Ministry of Education knows that it will not be easy for students to seek a job in developing countries without English. Apart from this, they can choose any regional language according to their choice.

So, it is a commendable step of the Ministry of Education department, which will help students develop their knowledge in the various text subject in their mother language during the school level. However, if they want, they can also study in English.

The Goodness of the New Education System

  • 6% of GDP spent on education: About 6% of GDP will be spent in the new education sector, double the previous education system.
  • The exam result will depend on these factors: The result will not depend only on the exam paper; it will also depend on the student’s self-assessment, exams, student’s behaviour in class, classmates’ opinions, and teachers’ views.
  • Students will be taught their thoughts, personalities, practical life, and opinions towards others from three. This way, there will be an effort to make a good student and a better human being.
  • Vocational Courses: Along with studies, it is essential to have practical knowledge, which will now be taught practically in the students’ exciting fields through vocational and technical courses.
  • School fees: First, private schools will be classified by the educational committee. Only after that, the education committee will decide which school’s fees will be. This way, private school fees will be decided as per school facilities.
  • Top 50 Foreign Universities: Now, the world’s top 50 universities will be allowed to open branches in India. This way, the education system will create a pleasant environment. In this way, it will help to start a competitive environment in the education system.
  • Department in Education Ministry: Department will be made for different work in the education system. The various departments will monitor the education-related activities to improve the education system.
  • Teachers’ Behaviour: Teachers’ status and empowerment today are less visible where they should be, and as a result, the quality and motivation of teachers do not reach students.

So the behaviour of teachers has a significant effect on students. For this, it has been told in the new education policy. So teachers will be trained in such a way that their practical life is straightforward in school.

Besides, a school teacher must have a minimum graduate qualification with a 4-year integrated B.Ed.

Change in Higher Education

08: M Phil: There will be no M.Phil degree in the new education policy. Even before this, students were very less interested in it.

09: Ph. D: Now PhD will be for one year only if a student completes a research degree, i.e. four years in BA / B.Sc / B, com one year for him and two years for degree students, three years for diploma and four years for the certificate holder.

SUMMARY:

Implementation can take a long time; After much research, the cabinet has approved this draft. However, how much fees will be in private and government schools is not decided, the infrastructure of schools, number of teachers in schools, all this has to be resolved further. Yet, by 2030, the government has taken education in a different direction: a better society and life.

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