List of Smallest Countries: 9 Smallest Countries in the World

Often we all also think that which is the smallest country in the world? So today, here, in this article, we will share information about the smallest countries in the world with their population, area, location and official languages.

So here is the list of the 9 smallest countries in the world in which you will get all the information. These are as follows.

AREA (Km²)
Vatican City


0.49 km²





2.02 km²





21 km²





26 km²



San Marino


61 km²





160 km²

Austria & Switzerland


Marshal Islands


181 km²

Western Pacific Ocean


Saint Kitts & Nevis


269 km²

Caribbean Sea




298 km²




1: Vatican City

smallest countries in the world
Vatican City

Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, surrounded by Rome; It has an area of ​​only 0.49 square kilometres, i.e. 0.19 square miles. Despite being such a small, it is an independent state, which is located inside Italy. It is one of the holiest places in Christendom; the Vatican is directly and tangibly linked to the history of Christianity.

  • Population: 801 (2020)
  • Area: Only 0.49 km²
  • Location: Italy (Europe)
  • Official Language: Italian and Latin

2: Monaco


Monaco is the second smallest country in the world after Vatican City. It is the most preferred place for billionaires in the world. The country is located on the French Riviera in the Mediterranean Sea and is surrounded on three sides by France. Its economy mainly depends on casinos and tourism. It is famous for the gambling, luxury goods and service industries in the world.

  • Population: 38,964 (2019)
  • Area: 2.02 km²
  • Location: France (Western Europe)
  • Language: French/Italian

3: Nauru

Photo by Winston Chen on Unsplash

Nauru is a small island located in the northeast of Australia. It is located 42 km south of the equator. A coral reef surrounds the entire island, which is dotted with summits. Nauru’s economy received a slight boost in 2005 due to phosphate mining and exports.

January 31 is Independence Day in Nauru and is celebrated by the government, organizing sports and choral competitions for various government departments and equipment. The Australian dollar is legal tender in Nauru. Therefore, you will not get foreign exchange at any outlet. The only method of payment in Nauru is cash, and credit/debit cards are not accepted.

  • Population: 10,000
  • Area: 21 km²
  • Location: Australia
  • Language: Nauruan and English

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4: Tuvalu

Tuvalu, formerly known as Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located below the equator in the central Pacific Ocean. It is located around 1,000 km north of Fiji and also 2,000 km east of the Solomon Islands. The Ellice Islands were part of the British Western Pacific from 1892 to 1916. Later, Tuvalu became independent on 1 October 1978.

Later, Tuvalu became independent on 1 October 1978. It is the 4rth smallest country in the world with an area of ​​just 26 km. Funafuti is the capital of Tuvalu, and Vaiaku is the main city of Funafuti. Tuvalu has a population of about 11,000, and the languages here are Tuvaluan and English.

  • Population: 11,000
  • Area: 26 km²
  • Location: Oceania
  • Language: Tuvaluan and English

5: San Marino

San Marino
Image by Lucio Alfonsi from Pixabay

San Marino is one of the fifth smallest countries in the world and is surrounded by Italy. San Marino has three defensive fortresses on the slopes of the Titano, and it is called the oldest surviving republic in the world. San Marino is only 61 square kilometres, and the country receives over 3 million visitors each year. Here postage stamps and coins are essential sources of revenue. Check here for more information.

  • Population: 33,400
  • Area: 61 km²
  • Location: Italy (Europe)
  • Language: Italian

6: Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is a small country located between Switzerland and Austria. Population around 38,500. It is the sixth smallest country in the world. Liechtenstein offers everything for residents, such as mountain landscapes, a vibrant cultural scene, beautiful villages, plenty of opportunities, and more.

  • Population: 38,500
  • Area: 160 km²
  • Location: Austria & Switzerland
  • Language: German (official) & Alemannic dialect.

7: Marshal Islands

The Marshall Islands are a small country made up of over 1,200 islands and islets. It is officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands and is located in the central Pacific Ocean. It is an excellent destination for surfing, kite-boarding and deep-sea fishing.

  • Population: 58,412 (2018)
  • Area: 181 km²
  • Location: Located in the western Pacific Ocean, between Hawaii and Australia
  • Language: Marshallese & English

8: Saint Kitts & Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a state of two islands in the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Their combined area is 269 square kilometres. St Kitts is 37 km long and 5.8 km wide, and oval-shaped. Most of the beach is covered with black volcanic sand except for mountains and mud.

The temperature in summer is around 30 °C, and in winter, the average temperature is around 27 °C. Most of the residents in Saint Kitts live in rural areas, and the official language is English.

  • Population: 48,000 (2020)
  • Area: 269 km²
  • Location: Caribbean Sea
  • Language: English

9: Maldives

Photo by Matheen Faiz on Unsplash

The Maldives is the most famous group of islands around the world located near the Indian Ocean. It is a beautiful tourist destination on earth that everyone hopes to visit in their lifetime. The indigenous people also call it “Dhivehi Raje”. The economy of Maldives depends on tourism, forestry, fisheries and farming.

  • Population: 557,400 (2020)
  • Area: 298 km²
  • Location: India & Srilanka (Asia)
  • Language: Dhivehi & Maldivian

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