Smallest Countries in the World by Population

Smallest Country in the world

Often we all think that which is the smallest country in the world. If we don’t know then we think we know little or nothing about the world. So it is good for everyone to know what is most special or unique in the world. The smallest country is one of them, which is defined as small by population and area.

If you’re willing to travel to every part of the country in a few hours, take a trip to a small country where you can visit all the regions. One such country in the world whose population is only 801 and its area is 0.49 sq km.

There are also some countries in which there are two languages in spite of less space. These countries are the smallest and least populated.

In this article, we will share a list of all the smallest countries along with their population, area, location and official languages. So here is a list of all the smallest countries you can walk around in a few hours and get all the information.

Let’s start the tour of these smallest countries…

List of smallest countries in the world

  • Vatican City
  • Monaco
  • Nauru
  • Tuvalu
  • San Marino
  • Liechtenstein
  • Marshal Islands
  • Saint Kitts & Nevis
  • Maldives

Vatican City

Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, surrounded by Rome; It has an area of ​​only 0.49 square kilometres, i.e. 0.19 square miles. Despite being such small, it is an independent state, which is located in Italy. It is one of the holiest places in Christendom; the Vatican is directly and tangibly linked to the history of Christianity.

Vatican City
  • Population: 801 (2020)
  • Area: Only 0.49 km²
  • Location: Italy (Europe)
  • Official Language: Italian and Latin


Monaco is the second smallest country in the world after Vatican City. It is the most preferred place for billionaires in the world. The country is located on the French Riviera in the Mediterranean Sea and is surrounded on three sides by France. Its economy mainly depends on casinos and tourism. It is famous for the gambling, luxury goods and service industries in the world.

  • Population: 38,964 (2019)
  • Area: 2.02 km²
  • Location: France (Western Europe)
  • Language: French/Italian


Nauru is a small island located in the northeast of Australia. It is located 42 km south of the equator. A coral reef surrounds the entire island, which is dotted with summits. Nauru’s economy received a slight boost in 2005 due to phosphate mining and exports.

January 31 is Independence Day in Nauru and is celebrated by the government, organizing sports and choral competitions for various government departments and equipment. The Australian dollar is legal tender in Nauru. Therefore, you will not get foreign exchange at any outlet. The only method of payment in Nauru is cash, and credit/debit cards are not accepted.

  • Population: 10,000
  • Area: 21 km²
  • Location: Australia
  • Language: Nauruan and English


Tuvalu, formerly known as Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located below the equator in the central Pacific Ocean. It is located around 1,000 km north of Fiji and also 2,000 km east of the Solomon Islands. The Ellice Islands were part of the British Western Pacific from 1892 to 1916. Later, Tuvalu became independent on 1 October 1978.

Later, Tuvalu became independent on 1 October 1978. It is the 4rth smallest country in the world with an area of ​​just 26 km. Funafuti is the capital of Tuvalu, and Vaiaku is the main city of Funafuti. Tuvalu has a population of about 11,000, and the languages here are Tuvaluan and English.

  • Population: 11,000
  • Area: 26 km²
  • Location: Oceania
  • Language: Tuvaluan and English

San Marino

San Marino is one of the fifth smallest countries in the world and is surrounded by Italy. San Marino has three defensive fortresses on the slopes of the Titano, and it is called the oldest surviving republic in the world. San Marino is only 61 square kilometres, and the country receives over 3 million visitors each year. Here postage stamps and coins are essential sources of revenue. Check here for more information.

  • Population: 33,400
  • Area: 61 km²
  • Location: Italy (Europe)
  • Language: Italian


Liechtenstein is a small country located between Switzerland and Austria. The population of around 38,500. It is the sixth smallest country in the world. Liechtenstein offers everything for residents, such as mountain landscapes, a vibrant cultural scene, beautiful villages, plenty of opportunities, and more.

  • Population: 38,500
  • Area: 160 km²
  • Location: Austria & Switzerland
  • Language: German (official) & Alemannic dialects.

Marshal Islands

The Marshall Islands are a small country made up of over 1,200 islands and islets. It is officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands and is located in the central Pacific Ocean. It is an excellent destination for surfing, kite-boarding and deep-sea fishing.

  • Population: 58,412 (2018)
  • Area: 181 km²
  • Location: Located in the western Pacific Ocean, between Hawaii and Australia
  • Language: Marshallese & English

Saint Kitts & Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a state of two islands in the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Their combined area is 269 square kilometres. St Kitts is 37 km long and 5.8 km wide, and oval-shaped. Most of the beach is covered with black volcanic sand except for mountains and mud.

The temperature in summer is around 30 °C, and in winter, the average temperature is around 27 °C. Most of the residents in Saint Kitts live in rural areas, and the official language is English.

  • Population: 48,000 (2020)
  • Area: 269 km²
  • Location: Caribbean Sea
  • Language: English


The Maldives is the most famous group of islands around the world located near the Indian Ocean. It is a beautiful tourist destination on earth that everyone hopes to visit in their lifetime. The indigenous people also call it “Dhivehi Raje”. The economy of Maldives depends on tourism, forestry, fisheries and farming.

  • Population: 557,400 (2020)
  • Area: 298 km²
  • Location: India & Srilanka (Asia)
  • Language: Dhivehi & Maldivian

Smallest countries details

Here is a list of all the 9 smallest countries with name, population, location and language:

Country namePopulationArea (Km²)LocationLanguages
Vatican City8010.49 km²ItalyItalian/Latin
Monaco38,9642.02 km²FranceFrench
Nauru10,00021 km²AustraliaNauruan/English
Tuvalu11,00026 km²OceaniaTuvaluan/English
San Marino33,40061 km²ItalyItalian
Liechtenstein38,500160 km²Austria & SwitzerlandGerman
Marshal Islands58,412181 km²Western Pacific OceanMarshallese/English
Saint Kitts & Nevis48,000269 km²Caribbean SeaEnglish
Maldives5,57,400298 km²India/SrilankaDhivehi/Maldivian

Which is the smallest country in the world?

Vatican City is one of the smallest countries in the world.

What is the population of Vatican City?

The population of Vatican City is only 801.

What is the smallest country located in Italy?

Vatican City is located in Italy.

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